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The Effect of Exposure to See the Sound/Visual Phonics (STS/VP) in First Grade Literacy Instruction on Academic Assessment in Second Grade
  • Jeff Knox,
  • David Krupke
Jeff Knox
St. Ambrose University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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David Krupke

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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The data were gathered from Common Core assessments administered three times per year to second grade students. Assent permission had been secured, per IRB agreement, from fifty-one parents. Their children were divided into two groups: those having had exposure to Visual Phonics in first grade, and those who did not.
Data analysis, using both descriptive and interpretive statistics, did not show any significant difference between the mean scores for the two groups across three assessment periods. Effect size also was generally small to moderate.