Preprints are early versions of research articles that have not been peer reviewed. They should not be regarded as conclusive and should not be reported in news media as established information.
The Effect of Exposure to See the Sound/Visual Phonics (STS/VP) in First Grade Literacy Instruction on Academic Assessment in Second Grade
preprintposted on 01.10.2018, 21:28 by Jeff Knox, David Krupke
The data were gathered from Common Core assessments administered three times per year to second grade students. Assent permission had been secured, per IRB agreement, from fifty-one parents. Their children were divided into two groups: those having had exposure to Visual Phonics in first grade, and those who did not.
Data analysis, using both descriptive and interpretive statistics, did not show any significant difference between the mean scores for the two groups across three assessment periods. Effect size also was generally small to moderate.
Declaration of conflicts of interestThere were no conflicts of interest
Corresponding author firstname.lastname@example.org
Lead author countryUnited States
Lead author job roleHigher Education Faculty 4-yr College
Lead author institutionSt. Ambrose University
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