Submission Guidelines

Advance: a SAGE preprints community is a preprint server operating in the social sciences and humanities. Preprints are early versions of research articles that have not been peer reviewed. You should not upload as a preprint the version of a paper that has already been published or was accepted to be published in a peer reviewed journal, unless your journal specifically allows for this. For more information on what a preprint is see the FAQs.

Advance allows research papers that cover all topics in the social sciences and humanities. This includes, but is not limited to, original research, literature reviews, commentaries, and case studies. Advance does not post editorials, book reviews, or the version of a paper that has already been published or accepted to be published in a peer reviewed journal, unless your journal specifically allows for this.

Preprints are NOT peer reviewed. A preprint uploaded to Advance will only undergo minimal moderation to ensure that the paper is of a scholarly nature, is based in the social sciences or humanities, is written in English, and does not contain any copyrighted materials used without permission or contain inappropriate, confidential, or harmful materials. You are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. Upon submission, you will be asked to confirm that your work is original, does not infringe any copyright or other third party rights, that you have received all necessary rights (including the consent of your coauthors) to upload the preprint, that you have followed the appropriate ethical practices generally applicable to research, and that you agree to the Advance Terms of Use. Inappropriate ethical practices may include, but are not limited to, plagiarism, data fabrication, and image manipulation.

Note that papers found to violate any of these guidelines may be removed from Advance.

Papers posted to Advance should not be taken as an endorsement or validation by SAGE of the paper's conclusions, findings, or quality.

Submitting a Preprint

To submit a preprint to Advance, you will need to register for an account. Registering and posting your preprint is free. Register for an account.

You can add authors to your preprint by name, and if they have registered an account with Advance, you can also add them by email address. If they have linked their Advance account to their ORCID profile, you can also use their ORCID to add authors to your preprint. Please ensure your coauthors are aware and agree to have their paper posted to Advance.

Your paper may include all of your tables and figures, or you can choose to upload them as separate files. While any file type can be added, and most file types will appear in the content preview, more obscure file types may not be able to be previewed. Additional data and supplementary materials can also be uploaded alongside your paper. If you have your data stored in a publicly available online data repository (for example, Figshare Data Repository), you can include a link to the data set in the "References" field.

In addition to your paper, you will need to provide a title, a discipline category, keywords, and an abstract. As the submitting author, you will need to list your institution, job role, and country. You should also note any funding you received and list any potential conflicts of interest - or state that none exist.

Once your paper is submitted, it will be reviewed by the preprint moderator. If your paper passes moderation, it will be posted publicly on Advance and you will receive confirmation to the email address you provided when registering your account. If your paper is not approved for posting, the moderator will note why your paper was not approved and, if appropriate, you will be welcome to fix the issue and resubmit.

Ethics approval and informed consent

Papers reporting human studies must include statements on the following:

(1) Ethics committee or institutional review board (IRB) consideration.

(2) Informed consent (for inclusion, collection/use of data or samples, and/or publication, as applicable).

The ethics approval statement should specify whether approval was obtained (including the name of the ethics committee or IRB, and the approval number if available) or whether the study was exempted from review (including the name of the ethics committee or IRB and the reason for exemption). If ethics approval was not sought, please specify why it was not required and cite the relevant guidelines or legislation where applicable, for the benefit of an international readership.

The informed consent statement should specify whether informed consent was obtained, and whether it was written or verbal (and if the latter why that was the case, in addition to how the consent was recorded), or if the need for consent was waived by ethics committee/IRB or another authorized body (including the reason for the waiver). If informed consent was not sought, please specify why it was not required and cite the relevant guidelines or legislation where applicable, for the benefit of an international readership.

For case reports:

Please confirm that the patient(s) or their guardian(s)/legally authorized representative(s) provided written informed consent for the disclosure of patient information in the present paper. If the consent was verbal, please state why written consent was not obtained, in addition to how the consent was recorded. If the need for consent was waived, please provide the name of the ethics committee/IRB or other authorized body, plus the reason for the waiver. If informed consent was not sought/obtained for the disclosure of patient information in the present paper, please specify why it was not obtained; however, please note that Advance requires informed consent for the disclosure of patient information in case reports, except in exceptional circumstances or when waived by ethics committee/IRB or other authorized body.

You may refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals for additional guidance.

Commenting Policy

Readers are welcome to post questions, feedback, and comments on the preprints. In order to leave a comment, you must first register for an account. All posted comments are moderated to ensure that the comments are not offensive, obscene, or spam. Scholarly critiques on papers should be constructive and professional. You should list any potential conflicts of interest - or state that none exists - in the body of your comment. Comments may be removed if they do not meet these standards.

Licensing your preprint

All preprints on Advance must be licensed under one of four different Creative Commons licenses listed below. You will need to select a license when submitting your paper. For more detailed information, please visit the Creative Commons website.

Please note that you cannot grant or waive rights to a work that you do not own unless you have permission from the owner.

CC-BY (Attribution only) allows content to be copied, adapted, displayed, distributed, re-published or otherwise re-used for any purpose including for adaptation and commercial use provided the content is attributed. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

CC-BY-ND (Attribution-NoDerivatives) allows a work to be copied, displayed, distributed, republished or otherwise re-used provided the re-use is not an adaptation or derivative and the integrity of the original work is maintained. To create an adaptation, translation, or derivative of the original work, further permission is required and can be obtained by contacting the author. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/

CC-BY-NC (Attribution-NonCommercial) allows content to be copied, adapted, displayed, distributed, republished or otherwise re-used provided the purpose of these activities is not for commercial use. Commercial use means use of the content by a commercial organization or individual for direct (including through sale, loan or license) or indirect (including through marketing campaigns, promotional materials or presentations) gain or remuneration. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

CC-BY-NC-ND (Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives) allows a work to be copied, displayed, distributed, republished or otherwise re-used provided the re-use is not an adaptation or derivative and the integrity of the original work is maintained. Additionally, this license does not allow for commercial use of the work. Commercial use means use of the content by a commercial organization or individual for direct (including through sale, loan or license) or indirect (including through marketing campaigns, promotional materials or presentations) commercial gain or remuneration.https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/