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The study tries to understand the developing migration patterns that exists among coastal communities in Trivandrum and consequent lifestyle and livelihood changes. The population of the study is both migrants and returned migrants (from the Gulf countries) in the Pozhiyoor fishing community. This research presents findings from a qualitative research where ethnographic approach was used and data was collected through in-depth interviews. The paper gives special emphasis on challenges faced by the fishermen migrants during Covid-19 pandemic and policy failures at the local level. The research provides empirical evidence that the current migration patterns in the coastal fishing hamlets is closely connected to the local livelihood practices (both traditional and modern) and eagerness to improve their social and economic position. It also shows, acquiring better social status, finding new employment opportunities and overcoming economic challenges were the key factors led the fisher migrants to think about international migration.