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Influences of Farmland Transfer Transaction Costs on Contract Choices from the Perspective of Differential Order Governance
  • +1
  • Yan Wang,
  • He Wang,
  • Bo Wen,
  • Luxin Zhang
Luxin Zhang
Author Profile

Abstract

The data of this study come from the survey of farmers in Suiyang District and Yucheng County in Shangqiu City, Yanjin County in Xinxiang City, and Ruyang County in Luoyang City, Henan Province, organized by the research team in July and August 2019. This household survey involved a total of more than 850 farm households in 5 towns and 28 administrative villages, of which 814 were effective farmers. This survey focuses on the theme of farmland transfer, transfer contracts, and agricultural scale management. To ensure the quality of the survey, the main steps of the survey included the following: (1) According to the regional representation and the differences in local farmers’ income level, soil and water conditions, geographical location, etc., the four counties and districts under the jurisdiction of the three cities in Henan Province were selected as the research sites, mainly because the economic development level and topography of these four counties and districts were similar. There are obvious differences, which are representative. Suiyang District and Yucheng County of Shangqiu City are located in eastern Henan and are mainly plains. They are the core areas of national high-standard basic farmland construction and the national commodity grain base. Yanjin County, Xinxiang City is located in the Yellow River Basin in the north of Henan Province, and the whole territory is on a plain. It belongs to the national high-quality wheat production base and the main production base of grain and cotton in China. Ruyang County, Luoyang City is located in western Henan, with a mountainous area of more than 900 km2, accounting for 70.2% of the total area. (2) To ensure the randomness of sample selection, the research group randomly selected 1-2 townships (towns) in each of the above four counties and districts, and each township (town) selected 3-4 administrative villages. Each village randomly selected approximately 30 households for the household survey. Farmers who participated in this research were also selected randomly within each village. They were members of the family who played a direct role in the decision-making of farmland transfer, and all of them reached the age of 18. After the farmers confirmed the purpose of the survey and signed their consent, the survey was carried out. The investigation was conducted with the purpose of the investigation was informed and consent was obtained. After the survey, respondents were informed about how the data collected might be used and each respondent received a gift valued at 25 Chinese Yuan. The survey was anonymous, and the data was only used for scientific research. The detailed information and privacy of the respondents were protected. (3) To ensure the quality of the survey data, the participants who carried out this survey were all graduate students and senior undergraduates of our school. Before the formal survey, each person was systematically trained, including the content of the questionnaire and the exact meaning of each question. After processing the unsuitable samples, the final selected sample included 258 transfer-out households from 28 administrative villages.