Internal Conflict Displacement Galore in the Horn of Africa: Ethiopia on
Generally, the world has enjoyed relative peace and stability after the
Cold War in 1991, but never the end to insecurity, conflicts, and wars
(interstate and intrastate). One outcome of these insecurities is
conflictinduced internal displacement. Though not new, its prevalence in
recent times has become a hurdle that countries and the international
community must reckon with. In fact, conflict-IDPs globally has received
about 215 percent hikes in the last two decades, while in Africa, the
increase is about 135 percent. However, the Horn of Africa is the
hardest hit. As such, the paper provides an overview of conflict
displacement and explores the conditions that sustains it, using
Ethiopia as a unit of analysis. The paper found several conditions:
constitutional, socio-psycho-cultural, political, economic, and human
rights abuse as critical to conflict-IDPs deepening. The article further
shows the trends of IDPs and its security implications for Ethiopia.
Pragmatic solutions have been recommended accordingly.