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An Online (R)examination of Frequency and Context Effects in Code-switching using the Auditory Moving Window
  • Roberto Heredia,
  • Tanja Angelovska,
  • Anna Cieslicka
Roberto Heredia

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Tanja Angelovska
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Anna Cieslicka
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In three experiments, using the auditory moving window task, bilinguals operating in single (English) or dual (Spanish and English) language communities listened to successive sound segments of sentences presented one at a time. In Experiments 1a-b, sentences were in Spanish and the critical target was either a code-switch (|pik(ə)ls|) or a borrowing, in which an English target was pronounced in Spanish (|pikos|). Experiments 2a-b compared code-switched versus non-switched targets within Spanish sentences. Experiment 3 used sentences in English and critical targets were in Spanish. Context (low/high constraint) and word frequency (low/high) were manipulated. Results for Experiments 1a-b revealed that code-switches took longer to process than borrowings. Taken together, findings from the three experiments suggested that code-switched language results in a processing cost in which the bilingual’s linguistic system demands more memory and time to successfully integrate the code-switched information into the sentence. Word frequency and context, as predicted by the featural restriction model, affected the processing of the code-switched targets.
Dec 2022Published in International Journal of Bilingualism volume 26 issue 6 on pages 695-709. 10.1177/13670069211056003