Preprints are early versions of research articles that have not been peer reviewed. They should not be regarded as conclusive and should not be reported in news media as established information.
Understanding the Theories and Interventions of Motivation in Organization Development
preprintposted on 2021-05-19, 00:21 authored by Emily L Marczak, Robert YawsonRobert Yawson
This article reviews theories of motivation in the workplace, what these theories look like in the modern workplace, and interventions designed to increase individual and system-wide organizational motivation. We explored a wide range of theories, including the expectancy theory, Maslow’s hierarchy, the motivation-hygiene theory, the equity theory, reward structures, cognitive evaluation theory, and feedback, to formulate conclusions about common organization development (OD) interventions that are meant to address the theories. Reviewed interventions include; organization structure design, achievement orientation, goal setting, job design, quality feedback, and empowerment programs. We followed a multidisciplinary integrated literature review approach to move beyond merely summarizing the literature but substantially contributing new and valuable knowledge to the fields of leadership and organization development. The research cements the need for understanding individuals’ needs and goals, the value of quality feedback, rewarding positive behavior, leading with fairness, and allowing space for autonomy.
Declaration of conflicts of interestNo Conflict of Interest
Corresponding author firstname.lastname@example.org
Lead author countryUnited States
Lead author job rolePostgraduate Student
Lead author institutionUniversity of Southern Maine
Ethics statementNot Applicable
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