Preprints are early versions of research articles that have not been peer reviewed. They should not be regarded as conclusive and should not be reported in news media as established information.
Theory Model for PS and PA for HRD.docx (97.99 kB)

Theory Model for the Integration

Download (97.99 kB)
posted on 2021-12-21, 22:37 authored by Boyd NovakBoyd Novak

This article develops a theory integrating psychological safety and psychological availability within the context of human resource development (HRD) objectives. While research on psychological safety, a willingness to take an interpersonal risk, has blossomed over the past two decades, no theoretical modeling has been offered with links to psychological availability as originally proposed by Kahn (1990). Through the employment of Dubin's (1969) theory-building method, this article develops the integration of psychological safety and psychological availability with a systems framework. A literature review is conducted to define and assess the proposed operational units within the theoretical model focused on inputs, mediating processes, outputs, and feedback input. Implicit voice is proposed as a feedback input that attempts to assess the role of an individual’s prior experiences in the system process. Dubin's (1969) remaining steps for theory construction are completed, up to the point of empirical research. Finally, implications of research, theory, and practice within the field of HRD are examined.


Declaration of conflicts of interest


Corresponding author email

Lead author country

  • United States

Lead author job role

  • PhD Student

Human Participants

  • No

Comments (1)

Log in to write your comment here...

Agreed terms and conditions name style