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The study of cross-hierarchical linear correlation between the teacher's creative teaching and the imagination of the teacher as well as the school principal's visionary leadership

posted on 2020-11-02, 23:41 authored by Yu-Hsi YuanYu-Hsi Yuan, Hsin-Hao Chen
This study aims to investigate how a teacher’s creative teaching is affected by the teacher’s imagination and his or her school principal’s visionary leadership and how the contextual moderating effects are at play among the cross-hierarchical factors. The research framework is divided into two levels, the individual level on how “teacher’s imagination” affects “teacher’s creative teaching”, and the group level on the impact of “the principal’s visionary leadership”. From the teachers of 65 primary schools in southern Taiwan invited to participate the survey study, 861 valid data were returned. The demographic variables were analyzed by the use of descriptive statistics. The cross-level moderating effects were further examined via Hierarchical Linear Modelling (HLM). The results show that the “teacher’s imagination” will impact the “creative teaching” positively. The “vision practice” will affect “autonomous learning and challenge-presenting” positively as well. Moreover, the “vision feedback” plays a positive moderator role in how “creative imagination” contributes to “interactive discussion and open-mindedness”.




Declaration of conflicts of interest


Corresponding author email

Lead author country

  • Taiwan

Lead author job role

  • Higher Education Lecturer

Lead author institution

Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology

Human Participants

  • Yes

Ethics statement

The study was reviewed and approved by an institutional review board on IRB Authorized Organization of Taiwan (ethics committee): The Human Research Ethics Committee (, Yuanpei University of Medical Technology, Hsinchu, Taiwan, R.O.C.


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