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The effect test of the mediation between specific psychosocial hazards on elementary teachers’ job demands and their work well-being

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posted on 2020-03-06, 17:21 authored by Yu-Hsi YuanYu-Hsi Yuan, Jin-Chuan Lee, Wei-Wen Chang, Chen-Chu Liang

The study aims to discover how to enhance teachers' well-being, health, self-efficacy at schools, and how to alleviate their stress and burnout conditions so that teachers' teaching and students' learning outcomes would be greatly improved. A designed survey using questionnaires that retrieved from literature consisted of three factors and 44 items. The 67 valid responses for pre-test and 944 participants were sampled in 56 schools of Taiwan for the formal survey. The data were put into mediation effect test of teaching-related psychosocial hazards factors by SPSS. Result supported that the mediation intensity of teaching-related psychosocial hazards have a significant weakening mediation effect on the positive relationship between work resources and work well-being. It demonstrated that among teaching-related psychosocial hazards, lesson disturbances and conflicts with parents are highly hazardous to their work well-being. In consequence, their teaching efficiency, teaching passions, and teaching performance could be impacted negatively.




Declaration of conflicts of interest


Corresponding author email

Lead author country

  • Taiwan

Lead author job role

  • Higher Education Faculty 4-yr College

Lead author institution

Southern Taiwan University of Science & Technology

Human Participants

  • Yes

Ethics statement

Research on human participants. The study was reviewed and approved by an institutional review board on IRB Authorized Organization of Taiwan (ethics committee): The Human Research Ethics Committee (, Yuanpei University of Medical Technology, Hsinchu, Taiwan.


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