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The Implementation of the Whole School Approach on Social and Emotional Guidance in Rural Primary Schools in Sarawak, Malaysia: The Perspectives of Regular Teachers

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posted on 2021-06-14, 21:11 authored by Jessie Koh Sing Tnay, Shahren Ahmad Zaidi Adruce, Chuo Yew TingChuo Yew Ting, Omar Haji Mahli
This study explored the implementation of the whole school approach (WSA) on social and emotional guidance (SEG) in rural primary schools in Sarawak, Malaysia. Regular teachers (N = 2,532) in Sarawak responded to an electronic survey. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) and the socio-emotional guidance model were employed to explore the level of implementing the WSA on SEG among the respondents. Factors affecting the intention to be involved in SEG were also explored. This paper provides insights for policymakers and educational administrators to promote the social and emotional well-being of rural students in a developing country.




Declaration of conflicts of interest

All authors declared no conflict of interest

Corresponding author email

Lead author country

  • Malaysia

Lead author job role

  • PhD Student

Lead author institution

Universiti Malaysia Sarawak

Human Participants

  • Yes

Ethics statement

Approval has been obtained from the Ministry of Education Malaysia prior to the study.


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