Preprints are manuscripts made publicly available before they have been submitted for formal peer review and publication. They might contain new research findings or data. Preprints can be a draft or final version of an author's research but must not have been accepted for publication at the time of submission.
posted on 07.04.2020by Meg E. Cotter Mazzola, Joseph L. Pontacolon, Angel Claudio, Javier A. Salguero, Marcelles James, Robert Yawson
Nonprofits play an essential role in society. To realize their important missions, nonprofits
rely on strong and committed leaders at both the organization level as well as the governance level.
Nonprofits are obligated to have an active board of directors to operate. This reliance places the
organization in a vulnerable position where they must recruit and engage with external
stakeholders and identify individuals with the combination of talent needed to succeed as well as
the passion for supporting the organization’s vision. Knowing that board members have a long lasting impact on their organizations, this paper looks at the varying models of governance and the
implications for choosing one model over another. Determining the best structure for a governance
model represents one component to setting an organization up for success. Equally, if not more
important, is ensuring that the board of directors is composed of motivated and committed
individuals who are steadfast in their efforts to support the mission of the organization. In order to
find the best people for the role, an organization must understand what drives and motivates an
individual to serve on a board. The topic of motivation as it relates to governance boards, and how
existing boards can use the motivating factors to recruit and retain board members is explored.
Finally, we explore the value of diverse board composition and whether certain criteria of diversity
carry more weight in terms of impact than others.