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Journal Manuscript_Politic of Religious Pluralism in Indonesia_Halili_Revised.docx (39.67 kB)

Politic of Religious Pluralism in Indonesia: State and Future

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posted on 2019-04-19, 21:09 authored by Halili HaliliHalili Halili
This article which aimed at (1) describing religious pluralism as the context of “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika” (Unity in Diversity), (2) revealing prominent issues in politic of religious pluralism in Indonesia, and (3) analyzing prospect of political policy of religious pluralism in Indonesia, discusses some points of insights. First, religious pluralism is natural fact and socio-political consensus that be sociological basic of “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika” as national motto of Indonesia. Second, there are prominent issues linking to politic of religious freedom in Indonesia, namely: 1) inconsistence of governmental regulations against constitutional provisions on freedom of every citizen to follow any religion and worship according to his/her religion and faith, 2) strengthen of religious conservatism leading to violent extremism which shows ineffectiveness of state policies in preserving religious pluralism in Indonesia, and 3) politicking of religious identity and sentiment in electoral politics. Third, prospect of political policy on religious pluralism is functionally determined by working of three agenda; 1) formulation of regulation which is in line with basic norm of constitution, 2) abolition of discriminatory regulations in local level, and 3) formulation of national rule which intentionally prohibits politicking sentiment of ethnic, religion, race, and inter social group in electoral politics in Indonesia.


Declaration of conflicts of interest

The writer declares that there is no conflict of interest in this manuscript

Corresponding author email

Lead author country

  • Indonesia

Lead author job role

  • Higher Education Lecturer

Lead author institution

Yogyakarta State University

Human Participants

  • Yes

Ethics statement

Ethical approval is not required for this article, because the writing is my own while the data on religious freedom condition in Indonesia which had been produced by SETARA Institute is publicly opened. In addition, as Research Director of the Institution I dicide to exempt the annually published report from any permits and copyrights issue in order to reach wider international readers and beneficiaries. Our several produced works could be accessed in url or through our website.


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