Preprints are early versions of research articles that have not been peer reviewed. They should not be regarded as conclusive and should not be reported in news media as established information.
Outward Foreign Direct Investment – Looking back at Qatar’s London Investments
preprintposted on 04.02.2021, 21:26 by Nnamdi MadichieNnamdi Madichie
This article focuses on the Middle Eastern State of Qatar’s UK investments as a back-up or legitimacy seeking exercise rather than a strategic economic imperative per se. With investments in France, Spain (Catalan) and England (notably London), Qatar seems to have inadvertently provided itself with a contingency plan, which has only become clearer to the world following the now resolved estranged relationships with its Arabian Gulf siblings – UAE, KSA (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), Bahrain and also Egypt since June 2016.
Declaration of conflicts of interestNone
Corresponding author email@example.com
Lead author countryUnited Kingdom
Lead author job roleHigher Education Researcher
Lead author institutionBloomsbury Institute London
Ethics statementNot required
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