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Need for alteration of undercover operations in the frame of European legislation for the successful suppression of organized illegal immigrant trafficking and the associated transportation of individuals enmeshed in terrorism

posted on 2020-08-27, 22:45 authored by Anastasia PapanikolaouAnastasia Papanikolaou

The purpose of the present article is to make an effective proposal for combating terrorist attacks related to illegal migration. It is stated that terrorist attacks and illegal immigration are organized criminal phenomena that are occasionally interconnected. The peculiarity of these crimes is that they radically affect societies and that combating preparatory illegal acts for their perpetration does not restrain the entire criminal activity. Under these circumstances it results that undercover operations are an effective, penetrative means of preventing organized criminal activities. Finally, it is concluded that the confluence of two particularly serious crimes leads to the proposal for adopting a new (more penetrative) type of undercover operation through the prism of the principle of proportionality.


The present article is based on the theme of a two month scolarship for post-doc research that I was awarded from the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law (1/7/2017 – 31/8/2017) and at a large scale on the material collected. No other involvement had the Institute.


Declaration of conflicts of interest

It is declared that there are no conflicts of interest.

Corresponding author email

Lead author country

  • Greece

Lead author job role

  • Other

Lead author institution

National Police School of Senior Officers in Greece

Human Participants

  • No


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