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Monadic Emotions, Dyadic Emotions, Triadic Emotions: The 1-2-3 Emotion Model (Peircean Kainopythagorean Phaneroscopic Model of Emotion) and the Fundamental Questions to the Emotion-Involved Processing Hypothesis

posted on 2022-10-07, 21:01 authored by Yu KanazawaYu Kanazawa

In this paper, the author theoretically elaborated on the Emotion-Involved Processing Hypothesis (Kanazawa, 2021 in Sage Open) via three fundamental questions. Utilizing the undereappreciated phaneroscopic categories of Charles Sanders Peirce and via a plethora of previous findings in psychology, philosophy, and neuroscience, the author proposed a novel and promising conceptual framework of Monadic, Dyadic, and Triadic Emotions that has multiple advantages and significant potentiality for applying in different disciplinary investigations on emotion. The trans-disciplinary potentiality of the conceptual framework proposed in this manuscript will not only intrigue readers from diverse academic domains but also provide alternative analysis perspectives to help researchers delve deeper into conceptualizing emotions and giving rationales to research findings.


This work was supported by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science KAKENHI Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Grant Number 22K00806.


Declaration of conflicts of interest

The author declare no conflicts of interest.

Corresponding author email

Lead author country

  • Japan

Lead author job role

  • Higher Education Researcher

Lead author institution

Kwansei Gakuin University

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