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I Shall Not Be Prey.docx (31.95 kB)

I Shall Not Be Prey: Instilling Perceived Self-Efficacy Through Personal Security Training

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posted on 2019-02-21, 19:45 authored by Andrew KnasterAndrew Knaster
The world can be a dangerous place as evidenced by the 2015 riots in Baltimore, Maryland and the record high numbers of murder that occurred during those riots. People’s fear of being the prey of a violent criminal is very real and it often results in people retreating from society and avoiding situations that are perceived as dangerous. An examination of literature on perceived self-efficacy, a confident belief in one’s own ability to cope with a fearful situation, shows that through personal security and self-defense training that is designed for the particular student, perceived self-efficacy can be achieved. Students having achieved that sense are less prone to suffer from invasive negative thoughts, victimization, and avoidance behaviors that pull them out of living normal lives.


Declaration of conflicts of interest


Corresponding author email

Lead author country

  • United States

Lead author job role

  • Higher Education Faculty 4-yr College

Lead author institution

California Baptist University


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