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INFORMATION WARFARE IN THE PRESS AS AN INSTRUMENT OF DISINTEGRATION OF THE POST-COMMUNIST POLITICAL SCENE IN POLAND IN THE CONTEXT OF ACCESSION TO THE EUROPEAN UNION (December 2002 – October 2005)

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posted on 11.05.2022, 17:54 authored by Adam MiodowskiAdam Miodowski

  

The involvement of the Fourth Estate in the reconstruction of the political scene between 2002 and 2005 revealed more than just the weakness of those who should have been keeping an eye on politicians. Above all, it was crucial evidence of the imperfection of democracy in Poland. Many considered democracy to have a purely declarative and facade nature, claiming it was even some embryonic form of mediocracy. The essence of the problem consisted in the fact that we have never initiated any public debate on the subject. Instead, there is a permanent conflict in our country. Antagonization of the society is the idea of political elites in Poland for concealment of their own ineptitude, negligence and inability to build a serious state in the heart of Europe. The press (or the media in general), acting in the interest of politicians, utilizes mudslinging techniques (“black PR”) to incite and fuel negative emotions inspired by politics and worldview. 

History

Declaration of conflicts of interest

No conflicts of interest

Corresponding author email

adam.miodowski@uwb.edu.pl

Lead author country

Poland

Lead author job role

Higher Education Researcher

Lead author institution

University of Bialystok

Ethics statement

The author adheres to ethical principles based on the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines promoted by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

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