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How can schools respond long-term to COVID 19?.docx (72.92 kB)

How can schools respond long-term to COVID 19?

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posted on 2021-03-05, 19:34 authored by Lyman Dukes IIILyman Dukes III, Allison F. Messina, Nicholas Gelbar, Marlena Minkos

With COVID-19 considered by many experts to be endemic, the likelihood of persistent and incomparable academic and social-emotional disruption for school-aged children is extraordinary. School professionals have also been adversely impacted. Many children and families, prior to the pandemic, dealt with enduring adverse childhood experiences (ACEs)

including domestic turbulence and financial, food, and housing insecurity. The disruption of the past two school years, and the possibility of ongoing school disruption, exacerbates these challenges. The recommendations herein are designed to address the expected long-term effects of the ongoing pandemic within the educational setting.


Declaration of conflicts of interest


Corresponding author email

Lead author country

  • United States

Lead author job role

  • Higher Education Faculty 4-yr College

Lead author institution

University of South Florida

Human Participants

  • No

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Readers may also be interested in: "Identifying factors related to school closures due to COVID-19 in the Middle East and North Africa region" with free access at (Carr et al., 2022; International Journal of Educational Development).