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Factors Contributing to Dietary Compliance Among Hypertensive In - and - Out patients at Maluti Adventist Hospital in Lesotho.

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posted on 2022-06-21, 22:55 authored by Mamotsamai RanneilengMamotsamai Ranneileng, Roseline Cuna


Fifty hypertensive male and female patients between the ages 35 and 65, seeking medical assistance at Maluti Adventist Hospital in the Berea district were purposively selected and interviewed using structured questionnaires. Only patients diagnosed with hypertension who gave their consent by signing consent forms were interviewed. The questionnaire design was informed by the objectives of the study and some constructs of the health belief model as the theoretical foundation of the study. Socio-demographic factors including age, gender, educational level and occupation were identified. Moreover, knowledge, perceptions and barriers regarding dietary compliance for hypertension were assessed. The data was checked and cleared for completeness before analysis.


There was no funding received for this study


Declaration of conflicts of interest

I declare that both my co-author and myself have no conflict of interest whatsoever

Corresponding author email

Lead author country

  • Lesotho

Lead author job role

  • Higher Education Lecturer

Lead author institution

National University of Lesotho

Ethics statement

The study was given ethical clearance by the Faculty of Health Sciences Institutional Review Board (IRB), National University of Lesotho, and was approved by the Ministry of Health (MOH) in Lesotho. An information letter with details concerning the study was presented to the medical officer in charge of the Hospital for approval to carry out the study in the facility. Informed consent was obtained from participants after informing them about the study objectives, voluntary participation, anonymity and confidentiality. Participants were made aware that they could withdraw from the study at any time, should they feel uncomfortable, without incurring any consequences. The patients who were too sick to be interviewed and those who were unable to give an informed consent were excluded from the study.

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Excessive sodium intake is a causal risk factor for hypertension, whereas a diet rich in fruit, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products, and low in sodium and saturated fat has been recommended to prevent and reduce hypertension on the basis of strong evidence.Click here

Preparing a training course, seminar or any learning experience should be based on the learners’ needs and their interpretation. It is important for a trainer to identify the main ways and methods to identify learners’ needs and to be aware of the importance of doing this process to base the learning intervention on solid foundations. Read More

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