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Factors Affecting Students' Dropout Rate During COVID-19

posted on 2021-10-13, 21:22 authored by Anita ShujaAnita Shuja, Prof. Dr. Akhtar Ali, Sana Shuja Ahmad Khan, Shafiqa Bilal Burki, Shaham Bilal Buki

Education has always been considered as the linchpin for a country’s economic and social development. The dropout rate in schools especially in third-world countries has always been a problematic issue and the situation has further been worsened by the COVID-19 pandemic. This study primarily aims at studying the factors affecting the school dropout rate during pandemic. Lockdown is the first step that any country starts to adopt for the safety of its general public. This severely affects the masses' financial conditions, especially for the parents of students at risk, as the dropout rate increases with financial pressures. The slogan “stay home stay safe” has further aggravated the fear of the parents to send their children out and attend schools. The data for the study was collected from twenty public and private schools of two divisions, including seven districts of the province of Punjab, Pakistan, using interviews of policymakers, parents of dropouts, teachers, and students. The study is corollary to several issues already highlighted in various other articles to transpire the details of drop-out rates in developing countries in general and Pakistan in particular. The study revealed financial conditions, lockdown effects, mode of learning, government policies, fear of death, the psyche of the parents, socio-cultural effects, the role of teachers and administrators, most affected level, contributory factors were amongst the major factors. Finally, the study will analyze the effects of dropout and will help suggest measures to control the dropout rate in Pakistan in particular and third world countries in general.


The author(s) received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.


Declaration of conflicts of interest

The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Corresponding author email

Lead author country

  • Pakistan

Lead author job role

  • Higher Education Faculty 4-yr College

Lead author institution

The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan.

Human Participants

  • Yes

Ethics statement

All ethical considerations were kept in mind so that the respondents can be approached in a decent and in an appropriate manner and no willful or unintentional shortcuts were adopted which could have irritated the interviewees.

Comments (4)

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Interesting study! You may want to submit this as a chapter on the forthcoming book: "Socioeconomic Inclusion During an Era of Online Education" to be published by IGI Global, USA. More information here:

You may also be interested in: "Identifying factors related to school closures due to COVID-19 in the Middle East and North Africa region" with free access at (Carr et al., 2022; International Journal of Educational Development).

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