Preprints are early versions of research articles that have not been peer reviewed. They should not be regarded as conclusive and should not be reported in news media as established information.
Enlargement of female pupils when perceiving something cute, except for female faces
preprintposted on 11.02.2021, 19:49 authored by Kana KuraguchiKana Kuraguchi, Kei Kanari
It is reported that women’s pupils dilate when they see a baby; it is unclear if this pupillary response is caused by the perception of cuteness itself. Since many objects besides babies can be perceived as cute, we investigated whether the perception of cuteness, or the type of object observed, is related to pupil dilation. In the first experiment, female participants were requested to rate the subjective cuteness of greyscale pictures of objects such as animals and foods; their pupil sizes were measured. The results showed a significant positive correlation between perceived cuteness and participants’ pupil dilation. In the second experiment, participants rated the cuteness of images of female faces. Results revealed a significant negative correlation between perceived cuteness and pupil dilation. In our study, perceiving cuteness enlarged female observers’ pupils except when observing female faces. Positive reactions associated with cuteness may be premised on the existence of unconscious perceptual alterations and physical responses.
JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 17K13901
Declaration of conflicts of interestThe authors declared no potential conflicts of interests with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.
Corresponding author email@example.com
Lead author countryJapan
Lead author job roleHigher Education Faculty 4-yr College
Lead author institutionOtemon Gakuin University
Ethics statementThis study was approved by the ethics committee of Otemon Gakuin University (Approved Number 2019-15) and was conducted in accordance with the Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki).
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