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Engagement as Motivation_Practitioner Models.docx (70.94 kB)

Employee Engagement as Motivation: Practitioner Models

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posted on 2020-12-02, 18:12 authored by JD PincusJD Pincus
Despite employee engagement’s centrality as a construct, clear theoretical and operational definitions are few and far between. We argue for re-conceptualizing engagement, grounding it in the vast psychological literature on human motivation. Herein lies the paper’s contribution; we argue that the apparent conceptual proliferation can be understood as attempts to draw ever nearer to key motivational concepts. We review engagement definitions and find that they are reducible to a comprehensive taxonomy of twelve human motives. We consider the impact of rooting engagement in existing motivational constructs for each of the following: (a) theory, especially the development of engagement systems; (b) methods, including the value of applying a comprehensive, structural approach; and (c) practice, where we emphasize the practical advantages of clear operational definitions.




Declaration of conflicts of interest


Corresponding author email

Lead author country

  • United States

Lead author job role

  • Independent researcher

Lead author institution

Employee Benefit Research Institute

Human Participants

  • No

Ethics statement

No humans or animals were involved in this research


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