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EDUCATION AND REVOLUTIONS. Why do revolutionary uprisings take violent or nonviolent forms?

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posted on 24.02.2022, 23:59 authored by Vadim UstyuzhaninVadim Ustyuzhanin, Andrey Korotayev

Is there a relationship between education and the type of revolutionary action – violent or nonviolent? Past studies found a positive relationship between the education and nonviolence, but the influence that education produces on the form that revolution takes has not yet been explored. This paper examines it at a cross-national level with an analysis of 470 NAVCO ‘maximalist campaigns’ and 265 revolutionary events recorded between 1950 and 2020. Tests using logistic regression and our own index support the hypothesis that mean years of schooling is a usable, strong and consistently significant predictor of the unarmed form of revolutionary action. Moreover, it is also found that education has the highest pacifying effect in the early stages of modernization, but then this effect gradually decreases and in developed countries education has a less strong pacifying effect.

Funding

Russian Science Foundation #18-18-00254

History

Declaration of conflicts of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest

Corresponding author email

akorotaev@gmail.com

Lead author country

Russian Federation

Lead author job role

Undergraduate Student

Lead author institution

Higher School of Economics

Human Participants

No

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