Cues Speak Louder Than Words: Empirical Evidence from Consumer Market of Pakistan
The aim of this study is to probe into the impact of extrinsic packaging cues (brand name, price, country of origin and precautionary label) on the quality perceptions of the consumers when the intrinsic qualities are not experienced yet. Consumer knowledge is used a moderator in the study. The study also aims to investigate the influence of the consumer knowledge as a moderator on the relationship between food packaging cues and perceived product quality. Survey was conducted using mall intercept method (n= 478) with a self- administered five point Likert scale questionnaire in Rawalpindi and Islamabad. SPSS and PLS were used for analyzing the data. In order to ensure the internal consistency of the variables Cronbach’s alpha was used. Among all the variables which were studied in theoretical framework, precautionary label came out to a strong extrinsic in contributing to the formation of product quality perceptions. Additionally, brand name and Price are also considered as important quality determining extrinsic cues. On the other hand, Country of origin as an extrinsic cue turned out to cast no impact on the quality perceptions in Pakistani consumer market. Among the interaction paths, consumer knowledge held a significant role for brand name and country of origin with perceived product quality. This study comprises of number of research limitations. The mall intercept method was utilized in which sample control is difficult. The data was collected from Rawalpindi and Islamabad which might pose a problem for generalizability. Along with the limitations, this study presents horizon for the future researchers by presenting a model of research which could be extended to other marketing contexts. The research revealed that, the schema of extrinsic packaging cues cast a deep impact on the product quality perceptions. The results imply that practitioners need to embed the extrinsic cues much intelligently as they tend to produce prior to the usage quality perceptions regarding the product. This study puts forth a significant understanding regarding the utility of extrinsic packaging cues in the determination of product quality perceptions. The paper provides insights from Pakistani market.