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Creativity Under Surveillance: The Role of Social Risk-taking and Intrinsic Motivation in Online Creativity

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posted on 2022-02-24, 23:51 authored by Michael DarflerMichael Darfler, Saleh Kalantari

Participants (n = 99) were randomly assigned to one of four conditions in a 2 x 2 factorial design that crossed visual surveillance with expected evaluation. Participants in the surveillance condition were told that their computer’s screen would be remotely observed as they worked, along with as a live video and audio feed. Participants in the evaluation group were told that their work would be evaluated later by experts. Risk-taking perception and intrinsic motivation were assessed through a self-report instrument. In contrast to prior literature, the study did not find an effect of surveillance or evaluation-expectation on creativity or intrinsic task motivation. Social risk-taking was found to have an indirect positive relationship with creativity mediated through intrinsic motivation. The findings are discussed in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic, the growth of remote work, and other possible confounding variables including race and socioeconomic status.

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Declaration of conflicts of interest

There are no reportable conflicts of interests

Corresponding author email

Lead author country

  • United States

Lead author job role

  • Practitioner/Professional

Lead author institution

Cornell University

Human Participants

  • Yes

Ethics statement

All procedures were deemed exempt from full review by the Institutional Review Board at Cornell University (Research Protocol #2009009825). All participants provided written informed consent before participation. Participation was voluntary and individuals could withdraw at any time for any reason. All data was anonymized.

Terms agreed

  • Yes, I agree to Advance terms

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In this broad sense, impartiality is probably best characterized in a negative rather than positive manner: an impartial choice is simply one in which a certain sort of consideration (i.e. some property of the individuals being chosen between) has no influence. Read More