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Challenges of Federalism in Somalia: The Perspectives and Opportunities.

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posted on 2021-02-24, 21:50 authored by KAJOBA ABDUL RAHIM, Ahmed Abbas Abukar
This study aimed to explore the challenges of federalism in Somalia. The perspectives and opportunities. After two years of comparative analysis in Kenya, Somalia picked interest in federalism as a way forward for developing the country in 2004 with the aid of international community. The establishment of Somali federalism began in 2012, with President Hassan Sheikh and his Ministry of the Interior had successfully established four Regional states, namely: Galmudug, Hirshabeelle, South West and Jubba land, while Puntland and Somali land had already been established and administered their own affairs. Unlike other federal system in the world, Somalia has adopted a federal system in order to meet the needs of the clans.
The study used both qualitative and quantitative methods to evaluate the research questions, so the findings of the study revealed that the majority of respondents had a negative attitude towards the opportunities of federalism in Somalia, while they had a positive attitude towards the challenges. The study found that, challenges faced by federalism in Somalia were higher than the opportunities afforded by federalism.


Declaration of conflicts of interest

This research is neither inline with any utterance of violation nor provocation of those in academic arena

Corresponding author email

Lead author country

  • Uganda

Lead author job role

  • PhD Student

Lead author institution

International Islamic University in Malaysia

Human Participants

  • Yes

Ethics statement

This paper and its content has never been submitted any where for academic purposes. its a true work of both of the authors from scratch.

Comments (1)

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It has been a great honor to work with you Mr. Ahmed Abbas Abukar to see this paper being published.