Preprints are early versions of research articles that have not been peer reviewed. They should not be regarded as conclusive and should not be reported in news media as established information.
Araujo_Gatto_VAW_and_conservatism - pre-print.pdf (1.42 MB)

Can conservatism make women more vulnerable to violence?

Download (1.42 MB)
posted on 17.02.2021, 19:48 by Victor Araújo, Malu Gatto
Violence against women (VAW) affects at least 35% of women worldwide. The need to combat VAW is seemingly noncontroversial: As existing work shows, ideology does not explain governments' propensity to adopt anti-VAW legislation. Yet, effectively implementing anti-VAW legislation requires complex policy frameworks at odds with conservative values. Voters' preferences can meaningfully influence policy outputs, so can electoral conservatism make women more vulnerable to violence? Employing data from 5,570 Brazilian municipalities, we find that conservatism in the electorate is associated with the adoption of fewer anti-VAW policies. With data from a nationally-representative survey of Brazilian respondents (N=2,086), we then show that conservative voters are less likely to prioritize the need for tackling VAW. That is, the adoption of fewer anti-VAW policies in conservative municipalities reflects conservative voters’ policy preferences. Critically, our results suggest that in contexts where the electorate holds conservative preferences, policy responsiveness may incur costs to women's lives.


Declaration of conflicts of interest


Corresponding author email

Lead author country


Lead author job role

Higher Education Faculty 4-yr College

Lead author institution

University of Zurich

Human Participants




Log in to write your comment here...