Preprints are manuscripts made publicly available before they have been submitted for formal peer review and publication. They might contain new research findings or data. Preprints can be a draft or final version of an author's research but must not have been accepted for publication at the time of submission.
municipalisation reforms present a unique opportunity to affect local practice
on how community and individual land-holder tenure is administered and to
protect women's equitable rights to land. Angola is a post-war country, with
weak land tenure legislation and limited local government management capacity.
Customary traditions are practiced in the various regions a of the country do
not respect women’s rights of ownership and inheritance. More than 62 percent of
the population live in informal settlements with insecure land tenure under the
threat of forced evictions. Families living in poor communities affected by the
expansion of cities and towns are particularly vulnerable. Of these, families
lead by women are the most at risk. Securing rights to land and housing assets
are important to livelihoods of women headed households by permitting access to
financing that they require to grow their enterprises as well as for
incrementally upgrading their housing.