Preprints are early versions of research articles that have not been peer reviewed. They should not be regarded as conclusive and should not be reported in news media as established information.
Attitudes towards English language proficiency exams (IELTS and TOEFL) in English speaking African countries: a case study of Nigerian students and teachers
preprintposted on 23.03.2022, 18:43 authored by James NwankwoJames Nwankwo
Despite adopting the English language as the main language, English language proficiency exams were instituted. These English proficiency exams have triggered mixed reactions. The study through the adoption of quantitative methodology examined hundred (100) respondents. The study discovered that there were pre-existing negative perceptions about these English language tests which influenced the reactions of the respondents.
Declaration of conflicts of interestThe authors declare no conflicts of interest
Corresponding author firstname.lastname@example.org
Lead author countryNigeria
Lead author job roleHigher Education Researcher
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