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Attitudes of children with cochlear implants or hearing aids to inclusive education in the Canary Islands

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posted on 2020-06-03, 01:28 authored by Olga María Alegre de la RosaOlga María Alegre de la Rosa, Luis Miguel Villar Angulo


Introduction: This study raised the following problem: How reliable and relevant is the Inclusion for Children and Adolescents Questionnaire (ICAQ) to measure the attitudes of children and adolescents with cochlear implants (CIs) or hearing aids (HAs) to inclusive education (IE) in public schools in the Canary Islands (i.e. provinces of Gran Canaria and Tenerife)?

Method: The sample consisted of 297 students from the province of Gran Canaria, and 137 students from the province of Tenerife with an average of 11 years old. An exploratory factor analysis (EFA) determined the reliability and relevance of ICAQ.

Results: The authors found four factors of students’ attitudes towards IE: Family involvement and use of technology, Inclusion in the centre, Communication with medical specialists and Assessment of the support technology.

Conclusions: There were significant differences between the students with CIs and HAs in the following factors: Inclusion in the centre and Assessment of the support technology. The total score of students’ attitudes towards IE was high. The factor Inclusion in the centre had the most favourable total score of students’ original attitudes towards IE. Communication with medical specialists was the lowest total attitude score towards IE for students with CIs.




Declaration of conflicts of interest

No conflict of interest

Corresponding author email

Lead author country

  • Spain

Lead author job role

  • Career College Faculty

Lead author institution

University of La Laguna

Human Participants

  • Yes

Ethics statement

We have obtained written consent of the parents for passing tests to each child with CI and HA. Besides, the Clinical Research Ethics Committee (C.E.I.C.) of the University Hospital Insular Materno-Infantil de Canarias has approved the legal dispositions of the present study.


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