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Affordance-based approach towards understanding user preconceptions of XR-based technical instructions

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posted on 2023-07-21, 14:25 authored by Satu RantakokkoSatu Rantakokko

The TIER model is a designer tool for designing technical instructions for extended reality (XR) environments. This article reports a pilot study towards validating the model with user preconceptions towards XR-based technical instructions. Understanding preconceptions is important in user-centered design. The pilot test entails the presentation of instructions for a LEGO construction task via video and VR. The results indicate interest and willingness to test XR-based solution, but reluctance for regular use. The TIER model showed how the model supported the process of recognizing preconceptions and operated as a tool for an organized design process of XR-based technical instructions.  


The Finnish Cultural Foundation

Academy of Finland


Declaration of conflicts of interest

The author declares no conflict of interest. The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript; or in the decision to publish the results.

Corresponding author email

Lead author country

  • Finland

Lead author job role

  • PhD Student

Lead author institution

University of Vaasa

Human Participants

  • Yes

Ethics statement

Ethical review and approval received from the University of Vaasa. Informed consent was obtained from all subjects involved in the study.

Terms agreed

  • Yes, I agree to Advance terms


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