Preprints are manuscripts made publicly available before they have been submitted for formal peer review and publication. They might contain new research findings or data. Preprints can be a draft or final version of an author's research but must not have been accepted for publication at the time of submission.
The central idea of this paper is the existence
of a nonsemantic component in the information conveyed by speech. This
component is composed of bits of nonsemantic information that are part of the
structures formed by their quantitative and elective (carrying directed substitution) relations. Such structures serve as specific
parameters of word meanings used in speech and are utilized as language description
units. The nonsemantic component of such word classes as verb, noun,
interjection and numeral is a subject of interest of the paper as well as the
role of this component in sentence formation. The importance of nonsemantic
information is that it acts as a background, a foundation of sentence grammar. The
paper deals with such issues as the sign
and its relation to meaning in speech, meaning and information.