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A Minimalist Analysis of Content and Structural Heads in the Headlines of Pakistani English and Urdu Newspapers

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posted on 2019-08-12, 21:45 authored by Tahir SaleemTahir Saleem, Mian Abdul Rahaman
This research examines content and structural heads in the headlines of Pakistani Urdu and English newspapers. The data for this research was collected from Pakistani Urdu and English newspapers including ‘Daily Times’, ‘The Nation’, ‘Dawn’, ‘The Express Tribune’, The Frontier Post’, ‘Daily Jang’, ‘Daily Dunya’, ‘Daily Pakistan’, ‘Daily Nawai-e-Waqt’ and ‘Daily Express’ through random sampling technique. The investigation utilizes the extended X-bar theory to syntactically dissect the information within the framework of Minimalist Program. It is found that both content and structural heads are anticipated in national Urdu and English Pakistani newspaper headlines. However, their portrayal relies upon the syntactic setup of the headlines. Sentence type headlines have a bigger number of heads than phrasal headlines.


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Declaration of conflicts of interest


Corresponding author email

Lead author country

  • Pakistan

Lead author job role

  • Higher Education Researcher

Lead author institution

University of Central Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

Human Participants

  • No

Ethics statement

Ethical consideration of research are followed.


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