Indigenous Rights Discourse in Bangladesh

Socio-economic and political struggles of the ethnic minority people in Bangladesh resulted from the cumulative injustice and exploitation throughout the history – hence, both the retrospective and prospective analysis were essentials for understanding today’s indigenous rights discourse in Bangladesh. The aim of this study was to generate a discourse over indigenous people’s rights with specific case of Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHTs) in Bangladesh to be revisited by the intellectual communities, policy and law makers and human rights activists to uphold the social justice. It was a qualitative study used exhaustive literature reviews along with four key Informant Interviews to recontextualize the findings. A discourse analysis revealed that the existing human rights violations against the ethnic minorities in (CHT) was deeply rooted in the habitus of the society with strong influences by the political cultures, which had naturalized the oppression against them through language (expressed/ unexpressed) under the mantle of nationalism. However, “Diversity” could be an alternative language to slowly diffuse the dominant discriminatory political culture and to promote the rights of all ethnic minorities in Bangladesh.